The Yankee Group surveyed service providers for planned expenditures on the management of policies for network access and bandwidth management. Such policies can affect revenue, subscriber access, quality-of-service, network security from threats, and operational efficiency and costs. Bandwidth allocation will become important as subscribers access IPTV, video-on-demand, and enhanced video services. Policy management includes the placement of advertising adjacent and relevant to video-on-demand programming. Also, customers will be able to upgrade services automatically.