This survey from the National Telecommunications Cooperative Association (NTCA) reports on deployment of Internet access by NTCA members in 2009. 98% of members (rural telephone companies) offer broadband Internet access; of those 98% utilize DSL with 59% delivering via fiber. Some use wireless (licensed and unlicensed), satellite, and cable modem. Data rates vary from 200 kbps to 6 Mbps or more. 89% of operators face competition from cable and wireless companies. The broadband subscription rate by customers is 37%. 54% of operators see VoIP (Internet telephony) as a threat. 75% of operators offer video services.