This report from the United States Department of Energy reviewed the state of the fuel cell industry in 2008. Some successful installations, applications, and manufacturers are described. About 9000 portable fuel cells were shipped in 2008. The cost per kWh of fuel cell generated energy has dropped from $275 in 2002 to $73 in 2008. $367 million in private equity was invested in this field in 2007 and 2008. The capacity of stationary fuel cells is increasing. Some governments are starting to include fuel cells in renewable standards portfolios.